Residues of plant protection products can be nowadays found in almost all samples of fruits as even if their application was carried out with respect to standards of Good Agricultural Practice.
The intake of these compounds with food of plant origin may result in various disorders and diseases. Since the use of plant protection agents seems unavoidable, it is necessary to treat contaminated food material to eliminate/reduce residues content.
Ozone is utilized for elimination of biological and chemical contaminants in various environmental matrices including the food industry. The problem with ozone is low solubility and stability in water.
Nanobubbles can oversaturate the water with ozone, and building up larger quantities of ozone necessary for the use in plant surface pesticide reduction as well as washing chemical reduction.